What is a dirt bike

What is a dirt bike?

A dirt bike is a small, light, and very rugged motorcycle that is suitable for use on off-road trails. This type of motorcycle features knobby tires and a flat seat which makes it suitable for riding on trails with difficult terrain.

Most dirt bikes feature rear-mounted engines and come with two or four wheels which also make them suitable for racing against other riders in timed off-road competitions.

The dirt bikes are not designed as road legal motorcycles but some models have been modified so they can reach speeds of 80 miles per hour on paved surfaces. Although most people buy dirt bikes for recreational purposes, these motorcycles are also commonly used by police officers to patrol off-road areas

The term "dirt bike" can refer to any motorcycle that's primarily designed for off-road use. Dirt bikes usually have special features such as:

  • knobby tires
  • flat or high handlebars
  • high ground clearance.

The history of the dirt bike

The history of the dirt bike.

In the early twentieth century, most motorcycles were primarily designed for use on paved roads. Because of this, these motorcycles were generally heavy and not suitable for riding over rough trails or through thick sand.

By modifying ordinary bicycles to carry engines with pushrods rather than pistons, Bill Stroppe was able to create a motorcycle that is very lightweight and also capable of traversing off-road terrain. In 1948, Stroppe entered his modified bicycle in the Mexican 1000 race where it won first place against more conventional motorcycles. This success helped make dirt bikes exceptionally popular among those who enjoy exploring new territory on two wheels.

Types of Dirt Bikes:

  1. Minibikes. Smaller than most dirt bikes and considered to be very lightweight, mini-bikes are often used for racing on smaller tracks.
  2. Motocross. This type of dirt bike is designed specifically for off-road competition and features a high-power engine and suspension that can carry the rider over jumps and other obstacles.
  3. Enduros. Designed more for riding long distances on trails rather than racing, enduro motorcycles have large fuel tanks and low gearing making them suitable for use on trails with heavy terrain. Enduro dirt bikes also feature flat seats which make it easier to stand up while climbing hills.

What are the benefits of owning a dirt bike?

What are the benefits of owning a dirt bike.

Dirt bikes offer good handling, agility, speed, power, and torque. This makes them suitable for all types of off-road riding including racing and recreational trail use. Many people choose these motorcycle over other models because they're relatively inexpensive when compared to road motorcycles that can be used on paved roads. Dirt bikes also need less maintenance than other types of motorcycles.

What is a Dirt Bike Engine?

What is a Dirt Bike Engine?

Dirt bike engines are usually designed around two-stroke or four-stroke power plants that deliver good torque with low weight. The engines on most dirt bikes are therefore larger than those found in similar road legal motorcycles.

What is the purpose of a dirt bike?

Among other things, dirt bikes are used for racing and recreational trail riding. These motorcycles offer an unbelievable combination of power and agility which is why they're so popular with amateur motocross enthusiasts. Dirt bikes are also commonly used in timed off-road events such as seven-minute scrambles, hill climbs, trials competitions, and desert races.

Dirt bike Buying Tips

When considering how to buy dirt bikes, riders should take into account their specific needs and how much money they're willing to spend on buying a new motorcycle.

Dirt bikes vary:

  • size
  • performance
  • features
  • quality
  • and price;

therefore you must do your research before buying any one model.

People sometimes buy a dirt bike without considering how they will transport the unit from one place to another, which often leads to motorcycles being damaged or not performing as expected. When considering how much a dirt bike is worth, riders should consider how easy it is to replace damaged components and how much it costs to maintain the motorcycle.

If you have never driven a dirt bike before, it's important to start with an entry-level model until you get used to how to control these motorcycles. Entry-level dirt bikes are also less expensive than a more high-powered motorcycle which can be dangerous for new riders.

Riders that are not yet comfortable on their chosen dirt bike should practice how to ride in open spaces such as parks. It is recommended that beginner riders take lessons from professional instructors who will teach how to handle the motorcycle safely and how to make basic repairs if needed.

How much are Dirt Bikes?

How much are Dirt Bikes?

Dirt bike prices vary depending on how they are powered including gas, electric, or petrol/gasoline combinations. The average cost for a new dirt bike is between $1,000 and $2,500 although some models can be more expensive. Some people choose how to build their own dirt bikes from scratch which can save them money if they have the knowledge needed how to assemble these units. People who buy used dirt bikes usually save up to 50% compared to buying new models which cost less than even high-end gasoline road legal motorcycles that are suitable for commuting on gravel roads in rural areas.

When considering how much a dirt bike is worth riders should consider how easy it is to replace damaged components and how much it costs to maintain the motorcycle.

Bottom line

Dirt bikes are a great investment for people who want to get into motocross racing or enjoy recreational trail riding. These motorcycles offer an unbelievable combination of power and agility which is why they're so popular with amateur motocross enthusiasts.

Dirt bikes also need less maintenance than other types of motorcycles, making them the perfect choice for riders that don't have much time on their hands but still want to go out and ride off-road in rural areas without having to worry about how much it will cost when parts start breaking down.

What are motorcycle fairings

What are motorcycle fairings

Most motorcyclists do not need to explain what a fairing is – everyone is familiar with the look of a motorcycle for road racing. However, today we will talk not about sports cars, but road ones. If a fairing is installed on a racing motorcycle, it pursues one goal – to minimize the aerodynamic drag coefficient of the motorcycle with a rider for the sake of achieving the highest speed. Such a fairing, as a rule, is not suitable for road motorcycles, and not only because the rider takes a different, semi-reclining position.

The fact is that the shield, mounted on a road bike, should perform another important function – to protect the rider from the direct impact of oncoming airflow. It is known how not easy it is to ride a motorcycle without a fairing at high speed and in a strong headwind 70 km/h will seem very high – the muscles of your back and arms let you know about it very quickly. The fairing should relieve the driver from the need to squeeze the handles with a death grip, provide a free landing, which facilitates driving, reduce the risk of catching a cold. It’s also important that it can keep your suit from getting dirty to a great extent.

The main purpose of fairings

Today, a large number of plastic elements are installed on motorcycles, which:

  • Protect the metal from serious damage;
  • lighten the overall weight of the vehicle;
  • Significantly reduce the overall complexity and cost of repair.

It should not be forgotten that the fairing on the motorcycle plays an important role in giving the right aerodynamic properties, as the maximum speed, fuel consumption, and ease of operation largely depends on this parameter.

What are motorcycle fairings made of?

What are motorcycle fairings made of?

Each motorcycle fairing is made of lightweight composite materials which make it lightweight. What’s more, they are shaped especially so that air flows are evenly “cut” by the motorcycle while it is in motion without much resistance.

Already an additional feature of the fairing becomes the creation of an attractive appearance of the vehicle. Often their owners choose models with a sophisticated pattern or logo, and if you want you can put your own desired image. This fact already plays an indirect role, but some manufacturers emphasize this, positioning their products as “elite”.

Some are fully satisfied with the simplest “windbreaker”, inexpensive, easy to repair. Indeed, it may be most suitable, for example, for driving on bad roads. Firstly, it is unlikely to use often high speed there, and secondly, among bumps and ditches, the risk to fall and break the fairing increases – with an elementary one, it is somehow safer! Is the motorcyclist right? Absolutely.

His colleague does not see off-road, he rides on asphalt most of the time. He would be glad to get a real, full-fledged fairing, even for a good price. The third one is not bothered by the reasoning of theorists: the main thing for him is the appearance of his favorite motorcycle, and if the people around, seeing it, lose the power of speech, he is happy!

Where to buy fairings

Those motorcyclists who are actively looking for fairings to buy, want to get the maximum benefit:

  1. prompt shipping;
  2. low prices;
  3. high-quality parts.

Often fairings are bought at salvage yards or specialized stores to save time. Practice shows that the choice is limited there, and the cost of products is overstated tenfold.

To exclude the possibility of such a fraud, you should give preference to large online stores that value their reputation and are always ready to help their customers.

How often to change motorcycle oil

How often to change motorcycle oil.

How often to change motorcycle oil

How often to change the oil on your motorcycle? The answer to this question is not so obvious as it looks in the instruction manual … In fact, the conditions of this very operation may differ, and quite significantly, starting from the region of equipment use and finishing with the manner of driving of a particular owner.

Besides, the road infrastructure also has considerable value (compare, for example, the unlimited highways of Germany and the network of roads in Karelia, where the dirt roads are quite a usual phenomenon). Invaluable helpers in this delicate matter will be an oil dipstick and an inspection window in the crankcase of your motorcycle. Or a transparent tube, as is done on some models of KTM motorcycles.

When is it really necessary to change the oil in the motorcycle engine?

how often to change oil on motorcycle.

Visually assess the condition of the filled oil and the degree of its consumption is still the best and safest means of control. Sometimes the onboard computer optimistically informs you about the next change of oil only after 3100 miles of run and you see the black substance on the mark “Min” of the oil dipstick.

The main thing to understand when asking about oil change frequency is the four main aspects that the oil is responsible for.

  • Directly, lubrication of rubbing surfaces.
  • Cooling of parts, since modern sports bike engines can easily rotate up to 16,000 rpm. In addition, the cooling systems of motorcycles (not only sportbikes) also often contain an oil radiator, through which the oil, being cooled, flows again to the parts experiencing friction loads.
  • Protection of engine parts from corrosion, since regardless of whether the engine is running or not, moisture enters it from outside and as a result of fuel combustion.
  • Cleaning the engine from wear products of rubbing parts and other solid particles, which get into the oil and are delivered to the oil filter for cleaning. And to be quite frank, the more often you can change the engine oil, the better it will affect its longevity.

True, new motorcycles already after a season or two often change their owner and, knowing in advance about such prospects, the first owner can save on the frequency of change, knowing full well that for his share of the resource of the motor is enough.

So when does the oil in the motorcycle engine requires replacement?

Motorcycle engine oil change interval, as mentioned above, can vary greatly. If you have NOT sports equipment, subjected to overloading, where changing the oil after every race is commonplace, then the average service interval is better to keep around 3100-3800 miles.

The answer is that when you ride a motorcycle, a small number of combustion products pass by the rings – into the crankcase, introducing water in addition to pollutants. Harmful substances mix with the oil and spread throughout the engine through the oil pump, where they can begin to destroy small but expensive parts.

If your bike is only used for short rides and is rarely fully warmed up, that is, left at operating temperature for less than an hour, moisture will accumulate and dilute the oil, degrading its lubricating properties, cleaning, and cooling functions. If your bike is almost always used for short runs, and not always running fully warmed up for long periods, you should change the oil about three times a year. Ideally, you should warm the engine up to operating temperature and not shut it off for an hour at least 2 times a month.

We recommend changing the oil filter at every oil change. Contaminants and chips that are bad for the engine accumulate in the filter. Why tempt fate? To be sure, you can cut open your old filter with a solvent cleaner, and see if there are any harmful elements (like metal shavings).

Different types of helmets: everything you need to know before buying

different types of helmets

Comfortability while riding a motorcycle is largely dependent upon the helmet. To help you choose the most suitable options among different types of helmets, we have collected all the necessary information about them: the pros and cons, for whom this or that type is more suitable, and for whom.

All information is laid out in detail, with photos and tables to accommodate.

So, what are the different types of helmets?

Construction:

  1. Full Face
  2. Modular (AKA Flip-Up)
  3. Crossover
  4. Dual-Sport (Motard)
  5. Open types:
    1. ½ (AKA Brain Bucket)
    2. ¾ (AKA Open Face)

 

types of moto helmets

Closure:

  • Rattles
  • Double Rings

 

Material:

  • Thermoplastic
  • Carbon
  • Fiberglass

Full Face Helmets

 

full face helmets

 

The most well known, widely used and SAFEST helmet. It covers the whole head and looks like a holistic, full-fledged construction. The shell, as a rule, has inlet and outlet openings, the design is equipped with goggles or a flip-down visor that protects the face.

It offers the greatest protection, but is not well ventilated and has a poor field of vision.
Although, modern and higher-priced full-face helmets have additional multi-channel ventilation and sufficient visibility.

In more than 30% of accidents, the harmful impact falls on the front of the helmet, the full face helmet has an undeniable advantage in safety protection over other types.

Pros

the safest of all types of helmets

one of the quietest in its price category

Cons

when stopping, for example, at a traffic light or at a gas station, it must be removed

not always well ventilated

does not always have a very wide field of view

Modular Helmets

 

modular helmets

 

Outwardly, it looks exactly like the full-face helmet, but it has ONE main difference – with one movement of the hand, the front of the helmet can be raised to easily open access to the face. This is convenient if you often need, for example, to smoke, drink or for any other reason you need access to the face.

The construction of the modular helmet allows for special devices in closing and opening the front part. Accordingly, the modular weighs more if we compare it with other types of helmets in its price category.

In terms of safety, it is significantly inferior to the full-face helmet. Mainly, because of the open type of construction. More often than not, the folding chin arch is not included in the building structure of the helmet. At the first fall and contact with asphalt, a modular helmet will not protect any better than an open type of helmet for example. However, It is a great option for riders who travel long distances.

Another obscure nuance regarding modular: As a general rule, this type of helmets is slightly smaller in its external parameters than the full-face helmet. This is important if you want a smaller helmet. For example: if you desire a helmet that takes up less space while traveling with luggage.

Pros

able to fold up the protective glass and chin – providing easy access to the face

safe enough because it covers the whole head

excellent aerodynamics

convenient to use with glasses

Cons

not as safe as a full face, because it does not have an integral structure, but a metal lock for opening and closing the helmet

the heaviest weight among all types of helmets

higher cost

sometimes insufficient durability due to the complex device

Pay attention when choosing a modular! Certain modular models have the chin and visor opening at the top of the helmet and while riding with it open, the aerodynamics deteriorate. This makes it impossible to ride with an open modular at high speeds.

However, there is The Shark Company that manufactures modular helmets with patented technology: when you raise the chin and visor, the visor remains at the top of the helmet, snug against it, and the chin rotates backward. Accordingly, with this option, the aerodynamics do not deteriorate and you can comfortably ride at high speeds, with an open helmet or with a closed one.

 

modular helmet shark
The chin rotates backward

 

Crossover

 

crossover helmets

 

Helmets designed specifically for motorcycling. These helmets differ because the chin area is protruded forward to facilitate better rider breathing. Thus, allowing more air to enter your nose and mouth, which means you can breathe deeper and more freely. In addition, the chin part is greatly strengthened and designed so that the rider who wears it will be better protected in case of a fall.

Another distinguishing feature of the crossover is the lack of a visor. Instead of a visor, riders who ride sports bikes wear special glasses called goggles. This is due primarily to the fact that they are constantly getting dirty. There is also a canopy in the construction of the helmet which protects the helmet from dirt.
Crossovers are very lightweight.

Pros

lightweight

additional protection of the chin

protection from dirt and the sun

good visibility

excellent ventilation

Cons

lack of visor

aerodynamic pressure on the head.

Motard (dual sport)

 

dual-sport helmets

 

Almost the same helmet as the crossover, but differs by the presence of a built-in visor. A suitable option for those who ride in all seasons. It has the same pros and cons as the crossover.

Open types of helmets

½

 

dual

 

These helmets offer no chin protection or face protection. They offer almost no protection so they are rarely used when riding motorcycles. It is usually preferred among Scooter riders.

Pros

easiest to wear

most comfortable

great visibility

neck is almost never tired

Cons

minimum level of protection

not safe enough for motorcycle use

 

¾

 

3 quarter

 

This type offers side protection, unlike a brain bucket, but leaves the face open. All the same, it is more suitable for owners of cruisers, choppers and other low-powered motor vehicles.

Pros

easy to breathe

wide viewing angle

light enough due to the small construction

Cons

not safe enough

Different Helmet Materials

Thermoplastic

The most common material for the manufacture of motorcycle helmets. Automated production and a minimum of manual labor together with shockproof plastic make these helmets reliable and affordable and therefore the most common.

Fiberglass

Better when compared to thermoplastic in strength, and durability. In the manufacturing process of such helmets, the proportion of manual labor is higher. Fiberglass helmets are very strong and relatively expensive, they are used in sports.

Carbon

Today these are the lightest construction, which is important when you buy a helmet. When riding a motorcycle, the head lends itself to heavy loads, during acceleration, braking, moving through bumps, etc. Preventing fatigue from wearing a helmet is an important factor for comfortable riding.

Pros

very durable

lightweight (carbon is the lightest material)

light enough due to the small construction

Cons

price – carbon fiber helmets are much more expensive than thermoplastic.

Type of mount

  • Helmets on ratchets – a convenient and quick fastener for everyday and city driving, convenient fastening even in motorcycle gloves

ranges

 

  • clasps “double ring” (DD-ring) – the only valid way to fasten, used on racing tracks, and at all sporting events. The method is not as convenient as a ratchet, but safer. It completely excludes even the theoretical possibility of unfastening the helmet during its operation. In addition, owners of helmets with a double ring claim that it is enough to pull a little at one of the ends of the clasp, move it away and you can remove the helmet. It is not necessary to unfasten the fasteners to the end.

 

dd-ring

 

Our recommendations:

  • choose a helmet with a pinlock (so that the helmet does not sweat);
  • choose a helmet so that it already has sunglasses on
  • choose a helmet that will keep you safe in case of an accident.

If you still have questions or concerns about different types of helmets, please leave a comment below. Also if you found this information useful, let us know about it!

6 tried and tested ways to remove scratches from your bicycle

how to remove scratches from bike

No matter how carefully you ride your bike, chips and scratches are a common occurrence for any vehicle, especially a two-wheeled one. Therefore, bike lovers often face the question of how to remove scratches from their bikes at home and with their own hands. We have collected the 6 best ways to get rid of scratches on a bicycle and describe each of them in detail below.

Before we begin to “heal” your bike, let’s see how serious your problem is. There are three main types of scratches:

  • damage to the upper transparent coating – the lightest of the scratches, a non-serious defect that can easily be fixed;
  • defects in the primer– the paint layer is already damaged, but in some cases, you can still be successful with simple grinding and polishing;
  • scratches in the paint layer – the deepest defect, which without painting is almost impossible to eliminate.

Let’s consider how you can save the look of your favorite bike.

Method #1. Candle wax, suitable for shallow and light damage.

You can “hide” the scratch with candle wax. This is not considered a long-term solution, but for a short while is a great way to make your bike look new.

Method #2. No wax? Use super glue!

You can also use super-glue to mask the scratch on the frame or other element of your bicycle, as quickly and efficiently as the previous method. The transparent structure and uniform mixing with different types of surfaces allows the super-glue to easily mask scratches on your bike without leaving your home.

Method #3. If you don’t have wax or glue, you can always use toothpaste!

Most toothpastes have abrasive elements that perfectly replace grinding and polishing tools. If you decide to remove the scratch on your bicycle with toothpaste, first rinse the area thoroughly with water. Then lightly moisten a microfiber cloth and apply about an inch of toothpaste. Start rubbing in a circular motion on the damaged surface of your bike. The procedure should be completed in two or three circles.

Method #4. Sanding with sandpaper.

If the scratch damaged only the topmost transparent layer, use sandpaper to restore the appearance of the bike. But, be careful! With insufficient care, you can do even more damage to the surface of the bicycle frame.

Procedure:

  • Smear the damaged area with shoe polish so that the scratch area is completely filled. Pick a color slightly darker than the color of the part.How to fix scratches of bike
  • Take fine sandpaper and begin to gently rub the area of damage in a circular motion.
  • Carefully monitor the surface. You only need to slightly level the scratched area and not remove the whole layer.
  • In the end – wipe the bicycle part with a dense cloth and enjoy its appearance!

These methods should help with slight damage to the clear coat. But what if the damage is deep and noticeable?

Method #5. Nail lacquer and polish.

If, for example, a whole chip appeared on your bicycle frame, the procedure is as follows:

  1. Apply colorless nail polish to the damaged area. The nail polish should be durable and of good quality.how to remove scratches from bike tank
  2. Let the first coat dry and then apply a second layer.how to remove scratches from bike plastics
  3. Leave it to dry for 24 hours. By this time the polish will have dried sufficiently and adhered to the surface of the paint.
  4. Once completely dry, take fine sandpaper and sand the nail polish that was applied to the bike earlier. Continue until the surface is even.remove deep scratches from bike
  5. Once you have a flat surface, take car polish and apply it on a damp microfiber cloth. bike-polishStart rubbing the polish in a circular motion until the surface looks shiny as before.

fixing and polishing black bike at home

In case bicycle has a scratch, use our advice: do not apply nail polish with a brush, but take a needle or a toothpick and carefully fill the scratch with polish, without leaving the area of the scratch.

All the above methods are excellent ways of removing scratches from your bike. However, if the color of your bike is anything other than black, you will need to follow this up with Method #6.

Method #6. Car pencil.

You can easily find special car pencils in different colors and compositions in car dealerships. They are not cheap but will allow you to qualitatively eliminate scratches so that you will not notice them anymore. Additionally, a pencil should last you for a very long time.

 

fixing scratches on your bike

 

The procedure for working with a pencil:

  1. Wash the damaged area thoroughly with soap and water, remove any dirt that may interfere with the application of the paint;
  2. Gently apply the pencil, let it dry;
  3. If the scratch is deep enough, apply a second coat;
  4. After completely drying, you can grind and polish the surface.

As a rule, the packaging of these products also contains detailed instructions. Follow it and you can definitely return your bike to a new and brilliant appearance.

Precautionary measures:

  • When you work with any of the above methods, be careful with the paintwork – remember that you can do it even more harm;
  • Before you start using any of the above methods, be sure to thoroughly clean the scratch – there should be no dirt inside;
  • If your bike frame is constantly being scratched, consider getting bicycle frame pads or other bike frame protection.

 

bike frame protection

 

And remember, no matter how carefully you roll, scratches and chips are normal for any bike.

Well, we hope we helped you cope with the problem of how to remove a scratch on a bicycle.

Please write to us in the comments below if you have applied one of the methods and tell us about the result.

Or if you know how to remove scratches from a bicycle in any other way, share it with other cyclists!

How to ride a bike with gears – The Best Way to Shift Gears

how to ride a bike with gears

Many of you may no longer have any questions about how to ride a bicycle with gears, but don’t forget about beginner riders, for whom this issue remains very relevant.

Improper gear shifting sooner or later leads to an open circuit or even breakdown of the switches. And if you are on a long trip, such a breakdown will definitely take you by surprise. Correct gear shifting is the key not only to the health of the bicycle but also to the most productive ride in any terrain.

So, we will briefly consider a bicycle transmission device.

The left trigger is responsible for switching forward speeds on a bicycle, and the right one for switching rear speeds. The number of speeds depends on the number of stars on the bike.

 

riding a bicycle with gears

 

A modern bike has 2-3 stars in the front (system) and 5-10 stars in the back (cassette). Gear shifting is carried out using the rear and front switches that work with the chain, transferring it to the stars of the connecting rod system and to small stars on the rear wheel hub, which causes a change in speed. The gearshift levers (shifters) can be in the form of levers and grip shift – a rotary gearshift mechanism on the steering wheel handle.

To understand how to ride a bicycle with gears, count the number of gears: first at the base of the pedals, and then at the rear wheel. Multiply the two numbers to get the number of gears on the bike. For example, there are three gears at the base of the pedals, and six at the rear wheel, so 6 * 3 = 18 gears (the so-called “speeds”).

Note! The presence of a large number of gears in a bicycle does not indicate its high-speed capabilities. More gears simply means more range for adjusting the appropriate speed and more efficiency in driving.

How to switch speeds

Use the left switch to change the forward gear. In our example, there are three of them. And the right switch to change the reverse gear. In our example, there are six of them.

The gears are needed so that it is possible to pedal faster and easier and to control the bike. The lower the speed, the less effort must be applied to rotate the pedals.

Switching to a higher speed, pedaling will be more difficult but every such push of the pedal will make your bike move farther and faster.

Low (or light) gears are convenient to use when climbing uphill or in front of hills (when you need to apply more power to pedaling), most often used during descents to accelerate even more

Terrain Speed Switching Techniques

After we understand how speed switches work, it’s time to understand the practical side of the issue: how speed switching works on the ground, for example, when we go uphill, or on hilly terrain, etc.

If you drive on flat terrain, then you may not need speed at all. And if you have them, switch to the big one when you feel that pedaling is too easy, as it’s time to change gears. Do so gradually, if you intend to gain more speed.

In front of a hill – get ready and drop your gear a little down to make pedaling easier. It will take time to get used to, but it will greatly facilitate your climb to the hill by bicycle.

If you only need to switch the speed slightly, use the right switch. It is designed for small speed changes. If you need a sharper and more significant change in speed, it is better to use the left switch.

Before braking, we recommend that you reset the speed mode a bit so that when you start driving again, it will be easier to start moving (at high speed, you will need to put too much effort into moving the bike).

Also, follow a few simple rules when riding a bike with gears so that it lasts as long as possible.

Rule number 1. Any switching of speeds should occur in motion but at the so-called idle speed. That is, you need to accelerate the bike to the point where it can ride by inertia, so that torsion occurs without transmitting torque to the rear wheel, and then switch the speed. That’s why they do not recommend switching speeds when you go uphill (you can’t switch speeds freely. If you try, you will most likely stop). With the application of force during gear shifting, unpleasant sounds appear that indicate that the chain hardly jumps from one star to another, which can negatively affect its performance.

If you are thinking about how to ride a bicycle with gears in traffic, then you can do as follows; when you are forced to stop, stop, raise the rear wheel, pedal, change gears and, if necessary, repeat this process.

Rule number 2. Do not skew the chain.

You need to select speeds not only based on the terrain on which you drive but also on the location of the chain. Do not allow the chain to be located on the opposite extreme gears. For example, on the first front gear and the last rear. This break the chain.

Rule number 3. Read the manufacturer’s instructions.

This is the simplest and rarely executed rule that gives you more precise knowledge about your bike and its usage. There are a huge number of nuances you need to know that you will be able to find in the instructions.

How to measure a helmet to make sure you get the right size

how to measure a helmet size

It could be dangerous if you don’t choose a helmet that fits properly – this is an important topic that most sellers of motorcycle equipment are silent about. Ignorance of the main points on how to measure your head to ensure the correct helmet size and the pursuit of momentary savings often leads to loss of money. Let’s look in detail how not to lose money when buying a new helmet.

Most likely, the question of measuring the size of a helmet is of interest to a beginner who buys a helmet for the first time or perhaps you just have not bought a new helmet for a long time. In any case, it will be useful for you to familiarize yourself with the material below.

Method №1. We measure the circumference of the head and select the appropriate size according to the manufacturers’ tables.

Step 1. First, you should measure the circumference of the head with a sewing measuring tape or steel soft measuring tape.

This is done very simply: over the ears, we measure the circumference of the head at its widest part (if there is no measuring ruler, use a string or a rope around the head, and then measure the resulting length with a ruler or yardstick). As a rule, you need to measure the head circumference at a distance of 0.6-1 inch above the eyebrows, slightly above the ears and at the point on the back of the head that gives you the longest circumference. Measure your head several times to avoid mistakes and find the maximum circumference.

Step 2. Now compare your result with the helmet sizes shown in the summary tables below.

Each helmet size corresponds to a certain head circumference in centimeters or inches. Since different manufacturers produce hard shells of completely different shapes and sizes, they can classify the sizes of their helmets in different ways. Below are tables of the sizes of helmets and the length of the head circumference, depending on the brand of helmet and manufacturer. If you are firmly convinced that you want to buy a helmet of a particular brand, for example, Arai or Shoei, see the corresponding table (or read the recommendations on the manufacturer’s website).

Arai Helmet Sizing

SIZEHEAD (CM)HEAD (INCH)
2XS51-5220 -20 1/2
XS53-5420 7/8 - 21 1/4
SM55-5621 5/8 - 22
MD57-5822 1/2 - 22 7/8
LG59-6023 1/4 - 23 5/8
XL61-6224 - 24 3/8
2XL63-6424 3/4 - 25 1/8
3XL65-6625 5/8 - 26

Vega Helmet Sizing

SIZEHEAD (CM)HEAD (INCH)
S55-5721 5/8 - 22 1/2
M57-5922 1/2 - 23 1/4
L59-6123 1/4 - 24

Shoei Helmet Sizing

SIZEHAT SIZEHEAD (CM)HEAD (INCHES)
XS6 5/8 - 6 3/453-5420 7/8 - 21 1/4
SM6 7/8 - 755-5621 5/8 - 22
MD7 1/8 - 7 1/457-5822 1/2 - 22 7/8
LG7 3/8 - 7 1/259-6023 1/4 - 23 5/8
XL7 5/8 - 7 3/461-6224 - 24 3/8
2XL7 7/8 - 863-6424 3/4 - 25 1/8
3XL8 1/8 - 8 1/465-6625 5/8 - 26

Icon Helmet Sizing

SIZEHAT SIZEHEAD (CM)HEAD (INCHES)
2XS6 3/8 - 6 1/251-5220 1/8 - 20 1/2
XS6 5/8 - 6 3/453-5420 7/8 - 21 1/4
SM6 7/8 - 755-5621 5/8 - 22
MD7 1/8 - 7 1/457-5822 1/2 - 22 7/8
LG7 3/8 - 7 1/259-6023 1/4 - 23 5/8
XL7 5/8 - 7 3/461-6224 - 24 3/8
2XL7 7/8 - 863-6424 3/4 - 25 1/8
3XL8 1/8 - 8 1/465-6625 5/8 - 26

Step 3. If you see that two sizes of helmets may suit you, it is preferable to focus on a smaller size. Moreover, some of the inner linings of helmets tend to wear out a little over time.

Step 4.When placing an order, ask the consultant how closely the size chart matches the actual characteristics of the product.

Often, consultants have information on the features of a particular model or brand of helmet. Also, read reviews about the store and the specific products in this store. Ask about the possibility of a return or exchange

When you order a helmet online and measure its size in this way, take into account the risks – the helmet may turn out to be too big or small and simply will not work for you.

Reasons why the helmet may not match the circle in size:

  • the manufacturer does not adhere to its size grid (rarely, but this happens even inexpensive price segments);
  • the shape of the head does not always coincide with the shape of the helmet (heads with the same circumference may have different shapes, for example, the helmet may not fit in height).

Method 2. Measure the equipment of a comrade.

If you are a rider, then most likely you have acquaintances and friends who also ride on motorcycles.

If you like your friend’s helmet, try on it (on the balaclava). Does it fit? Find out the size and safely order the same online!

Method 3. Measure the helmet you like in the motorcycle equipment store.

The longest on time, but the most accurate way to guess the size is to go to the store and try on the helmet there. As a rule, on the Internet you can find exactly the same product, but cheaper. So you can find a helmet that fits your size in your local motorcycle store and then order it cheaper.

So what is the best way to try on a helmet in a store?

  • Firstly, when you put on a helmet and fasten it, try shaking your head with short sharp movements in different directions. If the helmet easily moves around, then you chose the wrong size. It is unsafe and uncomfortable due to wind blowing, whistling and noise.
  • Secondly, try to get a finger between the head and the helmet in the temple or frontal area. If you can do it, you should most likely choose a smaller size.
  • Thirdly, take a closed and fastened helmet with one hand on the back of the head and try to shake it up and down or pull it off your head through the front. If a helmet easily moves back and forth, then this is not your size.
  • Fourth, if you feel strong pressure in the forehead and discomfort, you need to try on a larger size.
  • And lastly, after putting on a helmet, walk in it for at least ten minutes to assess the level of comfort and to understand if it puts a lot of pressure on your head.
[WPSM_AC id=57]

How do you clean a helmet? 6 simple ways to do it at home

how to clean helmet

How to clean a helmet at home?

All helmets consist of two main parts. One is the outer “shell”, the other is the inner soft layer, which absorbs shock when riding and thus makes trips more comfortable.

Therefore, cleaning the helmet at home consists of several stages:

  • inside helmet cleaning;
  • cleaning the outside of the helmet;
  • neat cleaning of the visor and pinlock.

How do you clean the inside of the helmet?

Even if you wear a helmet over a balaclava, it still needs to be constantly and regularly cleaned from the inside. The surface inside is still dirty, even if the helmet is constantly closed. Dirt and air enter through different filters.

Method #1.

You can use a special cleaner to clean the inside of the helmet. As a rule, this is a spray can of liquid under pressure. You need to shake the can, and then just spray the foam on surface to be cleaned. Wait one minute, take a disposable napkin or towel and blot the surface with this napkin. Foam, as it were, “pulls” dust and dirt from the inner surface of the helmet. Repeat the procedure until the towel remains clean after getting wet.

These substances usually do not have any smell. This ensures constant freshness. In addition, they quickly dry out and kill all bacteria.

how to clean bike helmet

You can buy one of these sprays:

cleaning a helmet inside

  1. AUTCA
  2. Helmet pro-tec
  3. Release-on
  4. Motul

Method #2.

If your helmet does not have a removable liner, you can wash the whole thing. Use a basin, hair shampoo and warm water to do it. Soak the helmet in soapy water, brush it, drain the water and repeat the procedure again so that dust and dirt do not remain in the water. After you have thoroughly rubbed all the parts, drain the water on the helmet to completely wash off the soapy water. Leave it to dry.

Method #3.

If you want to clean the helmet in more detail and more carefully, you can disassemble it, namely, remove its entire soft shell. Most modern helmets have this option. If your soft shell is not removable, use the helmet cleaning method from the inside No.1 or 2.

So, we disassemble the inside of the helmet:

  • remove the visor;
  • cheek pads (as a rule, they are attached with buttons);
  • we take out a grid;
  • remove the rest of the removable interior of the helmet (first the side, and then the central part).

Then we clean all the elements. Ideally, do this using some special detergent for motorcycle equipment. If you need a more economical option, you can wash it with soap or hair shampoo, which does not have a pronounced smell. The best thing is to draw water, add soap or other cleaning agent to it, soak the inside of the helmet and leave them overnight. The next day, rinse, dry and put them back into the helmet.

You can also wash the comfort liner and other soft parts in the washing machine in a delicate wash mode.

We recommend cleaning the interior at least once a season, and preferably once every two months. For convenience, you can remove the helmet once every two months, and use the foam to clean the helmet between washings. And do not forget to wear a balaclava!

While the insides of your helmet dry, let’s wash the outside of the helmet.

    1. fill a basin with warm water;
    2. add detergent to the water: soap or hair shampoo;
    3. take a soft brush or sponge;
    4. put the helmet in the water;
    5. and start washing it with soapy water and a sponge, carefully cleaning out all the dust and dirt;
    6. let it dry or wipe with a soft, dry cloth.

    Often dust remains on ventilation openings and attachment points. You can gently remove it with an ear stick or cotton swab.

    how to clean small derails on helmets

    And your helmet will look like new!

    How do you clean the helmet visor?

    The visor is an important part of a motorcycle helmet. Any scratch, insect residue or dust on it interferes with the view of the motorcycle driver.

    So, we have already removed the visor. Then disconnect the pinlock and wash them separately. We recommend to wash the visor and the pinlock with plain soap and water, but very carefully so as not to scratch anything. This is best done simply with the fingers (not with a brush). Be careful not to scratch the visor, for example, with a ring on your hand. And never use window cleaners or any other substances that contain ammonia. It destroys polycarbonate, which means it is dangerous for your visor.

    Next, leave the elements to dry a little, and when the water drains – wipe with a paper towel or other soft cloth.

    How to clean helmet visor

    We do the same with the sun visor.

    Our recommendations to keep helmet looking new:

    • During rain, use a special water-repellent meant to protect the visor from a drop of rain and pollution. For example, Rain-X 620036 Plastic Treatment or another:
    • Be sure to wear a balaclava.
    • Carry wet wipes with you. Why wait until the dirt dries on the visor if it can be wiped off right away? This will greatly protect the visor from scratches and damage.
    • Remember to ventilate your helmet often so that the smell inside it does not stagnate. Take it out of the bag sometimes.

    Well, keep an eye on your helmet and drive safely!

    And if you have any recommendations for cleaning your helmet, please share them with other motorcyclists in the comments below!